Some conditions lead to visible deformities of the toes. Examples include bunions, mallet toe, hammer toe and claw toe. A bunion is a painful bump on the outside of the big toe; this bump may become filled with fluid or an abnormal growth of bone. People with bunions may also have big toes that point too far inward. Hammer toe, mallet toe and claw toe are toe deformities that cause the toes to point downward. This may be painful, especially when trying to wear shoes; ill-fitting shoes may cause blisters or calluses to form on the toes. Unlike flat feet or fallen arches, where there is hardly any gap between the underside of the feet and the ground, there is a wide gap between the underside of the feet and the ground in case of high arched feet. When a person affected by this condition walks, stands or runs, the heel generally tilts inwards. This makes the foot unstable and makes one susceptible to ankle sprains. One might experience stiffness, pain and tenderness along the arch while walking. Those who develop high arches due to neurological conditions might suffer from foot drop. One might also suffer from knee pain or calf pain due to this condition. I am often asked what bunions actually are. A bunion normally develops below the big toe (technically called the hallux). They can occasionally develop below the little toe when they are given the delightful name of a "bunionette". The bunion will have caused the bones of the big toe to have changed - normally the big toe will be seen to be bending towards or over the second toe Technically the bunion is a bursitis. This is a lump of fluid that has developed as a form of protection against the bony changes in the toe Bursitis can develop in other areas of the body too. Hammertoes may have several causes, but most commonly come about due to muscle imbalances. The tendons pulling the toe inward may be stronger than the ones that pull the toe straight, thus resulting in a toe that's bumped up in the middle. Hammertoes (or a tendency to develop them) might have been something you inherited from your parents (or grandparents, or third cousins), although they may also be caused or exacerbated by wearing shoes that scrunch the toes up into a small space (i.e. shoes with tiny little toe boxes and/or high heels-the usual lineup of suspects). Neuropathy results from damage caused to peripheral nerves. Nerve inflammation is one of the symptoms of neuropathy. Numbness and loss of sensation that results from neuropathy makes it difficult to detect any injury caused to the feet. There are many different causes of neuropathy and some of them are malnutrition, diabetes and alcoholism. Although peripheral neuropathy cannot be cured completely, a podiatrist may suggest some treatment measures that can minimize the effects of this condition. Over-the counter creams are generally prescribed by doctors for treating neuropathy. Tingling sensation and feeling of numbness can be reduced with the help of these medications. Post surgery, the wire or tape used to hold the toe in the correct position usually remains in place for 3-6 weeks. Your toes may be taped together for 4 more weeks while they adjust to their new positions. You may be able to walk on the affected foot right after surgery, possibly with a special shoe. To get your toes moving in their full range of motion, you may need a Toe Dynasplint System. Dynasplint offers an array of Systems to aid in the rehabilitation and recovery of toe surgeries. Foot fractures can result from direct blows as well as crush injuries, as well as from exaggerated inward or outward turning of the foot. Anytime a foot is swollen and painful after an injury, a fracture evaluation with x-rays should be accomplished. All the bones in the foot are joined together by ligaments which are prone to strains and tears. Ligaments do not show directly on x-rays, but sometimes there is an inference of sprain or strain when the bone spaces are widened or displaced. When fractures and sprains occur, there can be injury to nerves, arteries, and other soft tissues which must be sought and treated. Afflicted toe -nail soaked in vinegar aids in preventing the infection from increasing and propagation inside the claw Relax the claws in the vinegar solution vinegar and (hot water in equivalent proportion) for 20 minutes. Make sure to remove claws and well the feet with a clear and dry towel. This would be achieved twice-daily before symptoms disappear. For a softer and exfoliating effect, an apple-cider vinegar is advised. It will help soften the skin and be rid off at the same time and take away the dead skin cells while allowing the fungus to become attained.