The traditional technique to correct a hammertoe involves making an incision on the top of the toe and reaching the bones underneath. There are three bones in each lesser toe, and the surgeon directs his/her attention to the bone that is most prominently positioned on top. The tip of this bone is removed at the joint, which allows the toe to flatten down again. The surgeon then goes through a series of sequential tests to release or lengthen specific ligaments, tendons and soft tissue that act on the bones if the contracture is not fully relaxed when the bone is removed. The consumption of alcohol has short- and long-term effects on the human body. These physical effects of alcohol consumption range from the slowing of mental processes to dangerous diseases such as cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis. Alcohol consumption depresses the central nervous system in a human being and has multiple other effects which concern various parts of the body. The liver is the largest filter in our body. There are many diseases that cause it to work improperly or to stop working all together. A few of those diseases are cirrhosis, Hepatitis A, B and C, hepatocellular carcinoma, Reye's syndrome and Wilson's disease. There are many common symptoms to these diseases. Hemorrhoids occur when there is swelling that protrudes through the anus. Enlarged veins are commonly found in hemorrhoids. This condition may cause a discharge, itching, bleeding or soreness during a bowel movement. Hemorrhoids are most often seen in people over the age of 50. The heat lamp procedure is a very effective form of treatment for hemorrhoids. Dopamine is a chemical in the body and brain that does many things, including allowing you to control movements. Parkinson's disease (PD) is actually a group of motor system problems caused when the brain cells stop making enough dopamine. Standing hip abduction engages the post gluteus medius, or the side of the buttocks. The post gluteus medius is integral in body-weight transfer. Performing this exercise while standing challenges lower-limb stability and balance, which supports the knee. Wrap a weight cuff around both of your ankles. A weight cuff about 2 to 5 pounds is suitable for most people. Stand within inches of a flat, stable wall. Place both of your hands flat on the wall. Your left leg is completely straight with your toe nearly touching the wall. Your right leg is also straight with your right toe even with the left heel. Seated Leg Curl. Veterans these days face mounting pressure-medical bills are skyrocketing, and the price of insurance is costly. Economic hardship, layoffs or disability may hamper the veteran's ability to pay for his necessary medical bills. In spite of one's service to the country, finding help can be extremely difficult. The U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs is committed to helping veterans in a number of ways, such as finding them work, providing help with shelter and purchases and even helping to defray the cost of expensive medical bills. Parkinson's disease effects many aspects of a patient's life. One of the aspects is a person's eyesight. Parkinson's can seriously impair the ability to see. Accumulation of hardened deposits of cholesterol (gallstones) in the gallbladder can also cause shivers all over body with no fever. The gallbladder is a small muscular organ found below the liver. Its main job is to collect bile from the liver and then pass it on to the stomach and the intestine. The bile produced by the liver aids in digestion. When there is excess of cholesterol in the bile, it crystallizes and forms a solid mass, leading to the formation of gallstones. This trapped gallstone in the duct can make the gallbladder inflamed, which may lead to right abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting and chills.